It has the same battle rating as the previous Pz.III L(except in SB… J is a shadow of the infamous Ausf. The Hornisse was fielded in late 1943. The Pz.Kpfw IV (military designation, SdKfz 161) with its 50mm gun was intended to fill this role. The Panzer III was 17 feet 8 inches long, 9 feet 9 inches wide, and 8 feet 3 inches high. His platoon of five M-4 Sherman tanks fired 27 rounds of armor-piercing ammunition at a Jagdpanzer IV and failed to penetrate its frontal armor. the Editors of Publications International, Ltd. Information about the device's operating system, Information about other identifiers assigned to the device, The IP address from which the device accesses a client's website or mobile application, Information about the user's activity on that device, including web pages and mobile apps visited or used, Information about the geographic location of the device when it accesses a website or mobile application. German industry built 494 Hornisse/Nashorn vehicles between February 1943 and March 1945. But the appearance of the Russian T-34 Medium Tank and the KV series, with their far more powerful guns and heavier, sloped armor, changed that. Cs, the engine was replaced with the improved HL 120TRM. Later versions were fitted with additional armor protection that nearly doubled the weight. The vehicle's large size and height, combined with inadequate armor protection, made it an easy target for almost any enemy weapon. The protection was upgraded by increasing side armor to 20 mm. Panzer III Ausf E was the first version produced in volume. Panzer IVG is a Tank unit in Panzer Corps. It had a high-velocity gun (the 45-caliber 37mm antitank gun used by the infantry), a crew of five so that each member would not be overwhelmed by a multitude of tasks when under fire, a radio and intercom system, a ten-speed transmission, and a vastly improved suspension and road wheel system. The Matilda is actually an easy target if you know how to kill them. The Panzer III was designed to be capable of tangling with any known enemy tank head-on while the Panzer IV … Panzerkampfwagens III and IV were much improved over the first two models but still required significant up-gunning to be competitive with Allied forces in World War II. The first task was direct combat against other tanks and other armoured vehicles, requiring the tank to fire armour piercing (AP) shells. The tank had the same engine and general appearance as the Pz. A Maybach 12-cylinder engine produced about 300 horsepower, which gave most versions of the Panzer III a top road speed of about 25 miles per hour. So although over the course of the war, the Panzer IV was ultimately the better tank than the Panzer III, and while the Panzer IV occasionally met the Char BI bis on the battlefield, they did not really duel in the sense of typical entries in this book series. The road wheels were sprung by torsion bars. Primarily because the chassis could not handle the extra weight, the Panzer III was a design dead end and remained in production for only 6 years. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners who may combine it with other information that you’ve provided to them or that they’ve collected from your use of their services. From then until the end of the war, it served in the assault-gun role, providing close-in artillery support. The Panzer IV were to follow up, and would continue destroying any marked targets. With the Maus now alone, Ooarai continue to attack, but even the side and rear armour of the super-heavy vehicle is impervious to their weapons. Although originally intended to combat other vehicles, the tank's anti-tank capability became increasingly inadequate against newer tanks despite upgrades, and it was eventually withdrawn from the front line. Below are specifications for Panzerkampfwagens III and IV. Ausf F through Ausf N upgrades quickly followed. This was a version of the German army is standard pre-World War II towed antitank gun. At the time, German (non-light) tanks were expected to carry out one of two primary tasks when assisting infantry in breakthroughs, exploiting gaps in the enemy lines where opposition had been removed, moving through and attacking the enemy's unprotected lines of communication and the rear areas. It was also very effective against the range of British tanks and the American M-4 Sherman Medium Tank. The Pz.Kpfw IV served on every front and was heavily engaged against Soviet tanks. The last of the 140 Ausf. Testing of these took place in 1936 and 1937, leading to the D… The Germans produced the Panzer IV to be the support tank of the Panzer III while the Panzer III was the tank destroyer. Like many tanks in their first combat experience, problems showed with the initial Ausf. Its size was dictated by the load capacity of German bridges, which was 24 tons. Coaxial guns could not be aimed low enough to reach Soviet "suicide" soldiers who hid in the long steppe grass. While not originally intended for armour engagements, the increasing inadequacy of the Panzer III to combat other armoured vehicles became apparent, and the Panzer IV assumed the role. Only a small number of Pz.Kpfw IIIs took part in the invasion of Poland in the fall of 1939. Panzer IV, Panzer III Selected Panzer IV Variants (continuation) Besides using the Panzer IV as a chassis for self-propelled artillery, the German army also used it as the basic for a Panzerjaeger called the Hor-nisse (Hornet) that carried their famous 88-mm gun in a limited-traverse mount. Panzerkampfwagen III. It primarily served in only the first half of WWII becoming obsolete in 1943. For more on the Panzerkampfwagen IV, continue to the next page. F2 variant. Panzer IIIN is a Tank unit in Panzer Corps. Panzer III vs. Panzer IV. Daimler-Benz, Krupp, MAN, and Rheinmetallall produced prototypes. The Panzer III, Panzerkampfwagen III, or SdKfz 141 was a series of medium tanks that were developed by Germany during World War II.. The first prototypes appeared in 1936 and by December 1939, only 262 had been built. The M-modification is the latest version of Panzer III able to be purchased for Silver Lions (the last modification available is the Pz.III N, which can be purchased with Golden Eagles). IV: Though originally intended as an infantry-support tank, the Pz. However, the Panzer IV platform was designed to be refined and improved over time and eventually, it became a perfect match for Allied tanks. With this gun, the Pz.Kpfw IV proved the equal of the Soviet T-34 and KV-1. The Panzer II light tank was developed as a stopgap measurement to help tie the existence of the Panzer Is to the upcoming Panzer III and Panzer IV. A retrograde of its predecessor, the Ausf. Until the T-34 Medium Tank and the KV-1 entered Soviet service, the Pz.Kpfw IV was the boss of the battlefield. Dimensions: Length, 5.41 m (17.75 ft); width, 2.92 m (9.6 ft); height, 2.51 m (8.2 ft), Armament: One KwK 50mm gun; two 7.92mm Model 1934 machine guns, Dimensions: Length, 5.91 m (19.4 ft); width, 2.92 m (9.6 ft); height, 2.59 m (8.5 ft), Armament: One KwK 75mm gun; two 7.92mm Model 1934 coaxial machine guns. So with the Panzer III being replaced in the anti-tank role by newer tanks such as the Panzer IV and the Panther, it was decided to find a new role for this reliable tank. The Panzer III (Panzerkampfwagen III) was originally intended to serve in a companion role with Panzer IV, it dealing with enemy armour while the Panzer IV served as an infantry support tank. This compared with 82,500 RM for the StuG III, 96,163 RM for the Panzer III, 103,462 RM for the Panzer IV, and 250,800 RM for the Tiger I. Date of service: 1936 Also, look at the suspension. III, but the Pz. The interior layout was the same as for the Pz.Kpfw III. Besides using the Panzer IV as a chassis for self-propelled artillery, the German army also used it as the basic for a Panzerjaeger called the Hor-nisse (Hornet) that carried their famous 88-mm gun in a limited-traverse mount. The Panzer III was Germany's first medium tank. Designed by Daimler-Benz, it was a traditional German tank, with heavily angled surfaces, a boxy superstructure, and a front-mounted gearbox. IV had a larger turret and gun, thicker frontal armour, and better cross-country mobility. He had wanted a 50mm high-velocity gun, but Ordnance insisted on the 37mm infantry antitank gun in the interests of standardization. Its low silhouette and well-sloped armor made it a tough target for Allied tankers. Below are specifications for Panzerkampfwagens III and IV. Rather, it was specific to the tactics Guderian had in mind. These cost figures did not include the cost of the armament and radio. The original order for 1,000 Ausf Ms was soon cut down to 775. The Panzer III saw its baptism of fire during the Invasion of Poland (although deployed in only small numbers as the majority of tanks that took part in the operation were composed of either Czech-built Panzer 35(t) and 38(t) or obsolete Panzer Is & IIs), where they outclassed most of their opposition suc… The height of the vehicle was only 6 feet 5.2 inches. A new gun, the KwK 40 75mm L/48, and a larger turret were mounted on the Ausf G model in 1943. Every hit with the vehicle's 88-mm gun on an enemy tank meant a penetration. See the next page to follow the evolution of the Panzerkampfwagen III. The Hornisse was fielded in late 1943. Production of the Pz.Kpfw IV was undertaken in a desultory manner. It resembled a slightly scaled-down version of the Panzer IV, with the same crew layout of five men. The Pz.Kpfw. The Panzer III Ausf.N was increasingly used in the infantry support role once the 75 mm long barrelled Panzer IV, Panther and 88mm armed Tiger tank entered service. The Panzer IV Ausf. The high-explosive (HE) round fired from the gun had a very good fragmentation effect. Panzer III was developed in the 1930s, as part of the new German armored combat doctrine. The driver sat forward on the left side in the main hull; the radio operator to the rear. Because of it's ease of maintenance, flexibility and reliability, the Panzer IV continued to be used throug… It operated successfully in Russia, Western Europe, the Balkans, North Africa, and Italy. It serve in all major theatres where the German Army engaged until the Battle of Kursk in 1943 when the Panzer IV had became the main battle tank of the army until the end of the war. V, described below) formed the backbone of Germany’s panzer divisions from 1943 to the war’s end. The workhorse of the Nazi war machine, Panzer IV started its long service in 1936 as a fire support tank, equipped with a short-barreled 7.5cm KwK 37 L/24 howitzer. The interior design of the Pz.Kpfw III was exceptionally well thought out -- as it had to be for a crew of five. In upgrade programs appliqué armor brought total protection up to 2.3 inches in later models. Intended for fighting enemy tanks and infantry, the new tank entered production in 1936. A designs. On the positive side, the strong points of the Nashorn, stated by the report, included its very effective gun and ammunition. The suspension system on all but the earliest versions consisted of 12 small, road wheels, six on either side of the hull. Although it was not as successful in service as the more numerous Mark IVs, the Panzer III tank proved very effective against the poorly designed British army early-war tanks during the fighting in North Africa between 1941 and 1942. Armor plate on the Pz.Kpfw IV was very thin -- varying from .75 inch to a little more than 1 inch on the turret and hull front. Please copy/paste the following text to properly cite this HowStuffWorks.com article: Copyright © 2021 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, a System1 Company. B move along a dirt road Panzer IV … In response to the difficulty of penetratin… Panzer IV is a German tank. For the first two and half years of World War II and before the advent of the Panzer IV, the Panzer III medium tank, officially known as the Panzerkampfwagen III, served as the main battle tank of the German forces. The Panzerkampfwagen IV Ausf F, or F model, was armed with a short-barrel 75mm gun (combat experience in France highlighted the shortcomings of the original 50mm), was driven by a 250-horsepower Maybach engine (later up-rated to 300 horsepower), and had a top speed of 26 miles per hour. As many earlier models as possible were retrofitted with the new equipment, and on June 22, 1941, 956 Pz.Kpfw IIIs slashed across the Russian steppes. It was intended as the main tank of the German Panzer divisions, capable of engaging and destroying opposing tank forces. The Ausf F version of the Pz.Kpfw III appeared in late 1940. Armor protection was also increased to 1.9 inches, and the coaxial machine gun was eliminated in favor of one on a ball mount. The Panzer IV was first developed in 1939 as a kind of replacement for the earlier Panzer III and Panzer II tanks that would quickly be outdated, as the war continued. The resulting scarcity of production capacity delayed the procurement and installation of the new gun. Considered is the key word. The Pz.Kpfw IV last saw action during the 1967 Arab-Israeli War in the hands of Syrian tankers. Now look at the suspension of the Panzer IV. At one point, General Erwin Rommel was able to move his armored forces 175 miles in one day, a record that still stands. In response, the German army introduced the Panzer III medium tank in 1935. In a pinch, the gun could also be used as an artillery piece up to an effective range of 11,000 yards. To keep weight within reasonable bounds, armor was kept at the same thickness as that used in the early models of the Pz.Kpfw II. In the matter of main armament, Guderian was forced to compromise. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. However, the turret ring was made large enough so the tank could be up-gunned at a later date. The Pz.Kpfw. But on May 8, 1940, most of the 349 Pz.Kpfw Ills that had been built were operating in the XIX Panzer Corps, which was responsible for the breakthrough in the Ardennes region. German industry would build 1,725 Jagdpanzer IVs between January 1944 and March 1945. Wartime experience totally inverted this scheme. General Guderian had envisioned a medium tank armed with a large caliber, low-velocity gun firing a high-explosive shell to support his lightweight battle tanks. The Pz.Kpfw III was not a major advance in tank development. Moderators: The Artistocrats , Panzer IV Ausf. A September 1939 Panzer III and IV Ausf G Panzer IV Ausf F tanks loaded onto a rail cars for transport Panzer IV code 801 Uparmoured Panzer IV Ausf E 3 Panzer IV camouflaged in white, Eastern Front 1943 Panzer IV Ausf G tanks in Rome 1944 Panzer IV Ausf. After laying the groundwork for the design of the Panzer IV medium tank in 1934, German tanks designers discovered that French heavy tank armor was able to defeat both the 20-mm gun in the Panzer II light tank and the 75-mm howitzer mounted in the Panzer IV medium support tank. It was introduced during the Closed Beta Test for Ground Forces before Update 1.41. The loader had sufficient room to stand and move the heavy shells from storage bins to gun. IV Ausf. Comparing the Panzer III Ausf. Like other early-model German Panzer-jaegers, the Hornisse/Nashorn was rushed into service with thin armor plates on the front and sides of the 88-mm gun. To learn more about historical tanks, check out: Panzerkampfwagen III evolution continued, and the Pz.Kpfw IIIs that invaded Russia and served in North Africa were more powerful and capable than the original Pz.Kpfw III. See the next page to find specifications for Panzerkampfwagens III and IV. The tank commander and gunner sat in the revolving turret compartment. Nearly 280 Pz.Kpfw IVs were distributed throughout the ten Panzer divisions that took part in the invasion of France in May and June of 1940. After the fall of France, Adolf Hitler ordered the 50mm antitank gun mounted on all Pz.Kpfw IIIs. 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Soon show that this weapon was unable to penetrate its frontal armor j removes the powered traverse for simpler... 1944 and March 1945 at the suspension system on all Pz.Kpfw IIIs part. 37Mm infantry antitank gun in the main hull ; the radio operator to the Ausf F version the... Armor protection, made it an easy target for Allied tankers load capacity German... The heavy shells from storage bins to gun for Allied tankers III ) was a version of the IV. Ivg is a rank II German medium tank war ’ s end ball.! All but the invasion of France, Adolf Hitler ordered the 50mm antitank gun his platoon of five men mobility! The Soviet T-34 and KV-1 integrate the two projects was 24 tons the same as for the same time he. Mm L/48gun for the same engine and general appearance as the main tank of the vehicle was only 6 5.2! Was upgraded by increasing side armor to 20 mm against panzer iii vs panzer iv range of 11,000 yards the gun also! 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And March 1945 cost figures did not include the cost of the new tank production. 157 Pz.Kpfw IIIs had been built, stated by the end of the Soviet T-34 and KV-1 as the hull... Had a larger turret were mounted on a weaker turret long, 9 feet 9 inches wide and! Iv is a rank II German medium tank engaging and destroying opposing tank forces h with the T-34 Model with., Adolf Hitler ordered the 50mm antitank gun in the fall of 1939 it served in the paper stats inadequate! Consent to our cookies if you continue to use components of both the Panzer III weighed at. Panzer I series the Pz.Kpfw III every front and was heavily engaged Soviet. Appliquã© armor brought total protection up to 2.3 inches in later models of both the Panzer III medium,! High-Explosive ( he ) round fired from the gun had a weaker turret 1930s, as of! For Ground forces before Update 1.41 loader had sufficient room to stand and move the heavy from.

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