Other, Biology. He kept precise records. Gregor Mendel now decided to analyse the patterns of inheritance in the pea plant. This led him to conclude that: - edu-answer.com […] vii) As the hybrid plants are fully fertile for reproduction, pea plants can reproduce on the tune. These characteristics make pea plants ideal in the study of genetics and heredity. Get an answer to your question "Why did Gregor Mendel study pea plants?a. The pea plant has seven traits that are visible and easy to study. You may not care much about heredity in pea plants, but you probably care about your own heredity. Gregor Mendel used the common garden pea in his experiments the results of which became the basis of the science of genetics. Pea plants had the following characteristics: Useful features of peas include their rapid life cycle and the production of lots and lots of seeds. Between 1856 and 1863 Mendel cultivated and tested some 29,000 pea plants (i.e., Pisum sativum). b. Gregor Mendel DRAFT. And lots and lots of pea plants. (ii)They have a short life-cycle. All rights reserved. This is one of the main reasons for choosing the Pea plant. The plants are common garden pea plants, and they were studied in the mid-1800s by an Austrian monk named Gregor Mendel. Peas are annual plants. (vi) Comparative hereditary characteristics is present, thus variation can occur. Its flowers were hermaphrodite, which means, pea plant has both male and female sexual organs. For his Experiments, Mendel chose pea plants because they had some distinctive measurable traits and being easy to breed with a short breeding period - some cultivars reach maturity about 60 days after planting. (ii) As the life time of each pea plant is short, the result of hybridization can be achieved within a very short tame; (iii) The flowers of pea plants are bisexual. The hybrids of the pea plants produced by cross-pollination are perfectly fertile. (ix) The life span of a pea plant is short, thus many generations can be obtained in a single growing season. They served as a control for the main garden experiment in case of possible disturbance by insects. During the mid-nineteenth century, Johann Gregor Mendel experimented with pea plants to develop a theory of inheritance. 69% average accuracy. Preview this quiz on Quizizz. The causes for the selection of pea plant: (i) Pea-plant can be cultivated in the garden; Pea plants possess many varieties with well-defined characters. The Gregor Johann Mendel Experiment. Peas were an ideal choice for use by Mendel because there were seven features that could be easily observed. Easy to Cultivate – It grew well in his garden. They can also be self-pollinated. 0. Self-pollination occurs easily since the plant is bisexual. ★★★ Correct answer to the question: Gregor Mendel observed that pea plant traits did not blend in their offspring. For instance, you could get purple or white flowers, round or wrinkled seeds. For example, he tended at least 50 hives of bees, he reported his weather for the Austrian Empire, and his fellow monks elected him as the abbot to this monastery. 247 times. self-pollination and self-fertilization is possible. (iii)They are easily self- and cross-pollinated and produces many offspring in one cross. As the time gap between generations was short, Mendel could raise many generations of a pea within a short time. (v) Big flower of pea plant makes pollination easier. What did Gregor Mendel use to discover the principles that rule heredity? Gregor Mendel was an Augustinian monk born in the Czech Republic in 1822. 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