By sectors, its composition is 22% agriculture, 5% industry and 73% services. Most of the monuments in Bihar have great historic relations and tells the history of Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism. Nagar", "NIFT starts classes in Patna with 60 students", "National Employability Report – Engineers, Annual Report 2014", "Delhi, Bihar produce top engineers in India: Report", "Parents want wards to go for tech education outside Bihar", "CM inaugurates new engineering college at Chhapra", "7th engineering college of state to open in July", "Bihar's first IT City to come up at Nalanda : Nitish Kumar", "Bihar prepares to be India's 1st Multimedia Hub within 3 Years", "National Institute of Electronic: National Institute of Electronic and Information Technology to be linked with other institutions | Patna News – Times of India", "Bihar CM inaugurates new campus of National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology near Bihta – Times of India", "Work on 11 new medical colleges to start this year | Patna News – Times of India", "Bihar drags feet on Central varsity in Bhagalpur; district identifies three chunks of land", "Bihar animal sciences varsity to celebrate first anniversary today | Patna News – Times of India", "DMCH will be upgraded to AIIMS-like institution: Minister | Patna News – Times of India", Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bihar&oldid=1000542705, Hindustani-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1912, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from July 2014, Articles with dead external links from February 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2019, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, All articles that may have off-topic sections, Wikipedia articles that may have off-topic sections from January 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2016, Articles with too many examples from January 2020, Wikipedia articles with style issues from January 2020, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from January 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Bihar is the birthplace of tenth Guru that is Guru Gobind Singh and the holy place of Sikhs is Harmandir Takht which is in Patna. [115][116], During the 19th century, many Biharis emigrated as indentured labourers to the West Indies, Fiji, and Mauritius. Image: wikimedia.org. The name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word, Vihara which means “abode”. Famous Persons from Bihar. [38][39], The Gupta Empire, which originated in Magadha in 240 AD, is referred as the Golden Age of India in science, mathematics, astronomy, commerce, religion, and Indian philosophy. Ritu Singh [49] Dramas incorporating this theme continue to be popular in the theatres of Patna. 24. The literary activity was not confined to Patna alone but to other districts of Bihar.[132][137]. It was started in 1872 by Madan Mohan Bhatta, a Marathi Brahman who settled in Bihar Sharif. SIS is registered and taxed in Bihar.[109][relevant? [19][20], Since the late 1970s, Bihar has lagged far behind other Indian states in terms of social and economic development. In fact, the state held a huge significance since the early days of the Vedic period. The major ones are Bhojpuri, Maithili and Magahi, but smaller ones such as Angika and Bajjika (sometimes considered a Maithili dialect) also are spoken by large numbers. The constitutional head of the government of Bihar is the governor, who is appointed by the President of India. BIT Mesra started its Patna extension centre in September 2006. No wonder it is a perfect blend of literature and science. Facing persecution from the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, these artisans found refuge, via Murshidabad, in Patna during the late 18th century. It was from here that Buddhism was spread in different parts of the world. The Haryanka dynasty was followed by the Shishunaga dynasty. – discuss], Prior to prohibition, Bihar emerged as a brewery hub with numerous production units. On 4 August 2008, National Institute of Fashion Technology Patna was established as the ninth such institute in India. [70] Proponents have called for Bhojpuri and Magahi to receive the same status. [64] Bihar has a total literacy rate of 63.82% (73.39% for males and 53.33% for females), recording a growth of 20% in female literacy over the preceding decade. [158] As of December 2013, there are seven government engineering colleges in the public sector, and 12 engineering colleges in the private sector, besides government-aided BIT Patna and Women's Institute of Technology, Darbhanga. Religion of Buddhism arose in the state capital, Patna ( est thousands of monks. Bet you didn ’ t think of Indian culture and Heritage of Bihar established Patliputra,... Dedicated industry statistics, the state one of the state ] Proponents have called for Bhojpuri Magahi. It 3 full months to burn down into ashes and Buddhists has produced many numbers of IAS.! 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